RAILWAYS BECAME STATE POLICY...
While the length of railway lines remains within the national borders was 4.138 km in 1923 when Republic was published, it increased to the 7.153 km by 1938 as the result of railway oriented transport policies of the first years of the Republic. This policy was pursued until 1950s and the share of railways within the transport increased to the 42 % for the passenger and 68 % for freight. However, after 1950s the share of railways was decreased to the 3 % for passenger and 5 % for freight as the results of road oriented policies. Todat, our Country has 10.991 km. total rail network, 8.697 of which is main track.
In this context, our Ministry was defined the railway sector as the prioritized sector in order to reach its deserved level. As the result of this choice which transformed into a new railway mobilization our Ministry defined three main target which are, make Turkish public meet with high speed trains by construction of new railway lines, increase the speeds of the trains to the their normal level by rehabilitation of existing railways and streamline the TCDD by restructuring.
Here, therefore our Ministry esteems in move the railway boom to the next stage and not only try to glamorize railway transport but also prioritized the modernization of railways.
In accordance with these three targets, lots of project were started to accelerate the projects in railway sector. While, our Country has 10.992 km. total rail network today, 8.697 of which is main track, together with sidelines (junction lines within Organized Industrial Zones included), with the completion of these projects importance of Turkey will be increased in its region and internationally and Turkey will be the heart of railway transport.
In this context, our Ministry has comprehensive studies on the subjects below:
- Improvement of railway sector,
- Realization of high-speed trains,
- MARMARAY Project,
- Rehabilitation of existing railway lines,
- Modernization of railways and train sets,
- Enhancement of combined and logistic transport,
- Improvement of block train management,
- Establishment of R&D sector for rail sector.